An autism diagnosis can still be difficult to obtain despite the studies that have assisted people better understand autism. This is because because there are many factors that need to be considered when making a diagnosis.
First of all, there is more than one type of autism disorder plus there are other disabilities that are closely related to autism such as Asperger’s Syndrome plus Pervasive Development Disorder- Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS). Second, autism is particularly difficult to diagnose in young children, due to the fact that they are still developing speech plus reasoning skills.
Therefore , since an autism diagnosis can be a challenge, as a parent, it is essential that you have your child’s growth, social and communication skills correctly evaluated and accessed by a physician.
How is autism diagnosed? Usually a good autism diagnosis is made when a person shows signs of 6 or more associated with 12 specific symptoms characteristic of the disorder. The 12 main signs and symptoms are focused in three primary areas –
1 . Social conversation – Autistics generally have small interest in others and pay little or no attention to those who may be present in the area with them, regardless of their age. They do not look for comfort if they are troubled or hurt and prefer to be on their own. On the other hand, autistics that do show an interest in social interaction have difficulty initiating contact with others and developing friendships. It is also typical for an autistic to avoid eye contact.
second . Behavior – Most autistics find change and new situations to become incredibly stressful. In addition , they tend to develop unusual rituals or routines and repetitious physical gestures such as rocking back and forth, flapping the hands, etc .
3. Communication – It is estimated that 50% of those diagnosed with autism are unable to create speech, and those who do are not able to engage in long conversations unless these are based on extremely specific topics insisted upon by the autistic.
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Autistics often tend to echo words or terms and have difficulty with pitch and changing the inflection of their sculpt.
There should be at least 2 symptoms existing from social interaction, and at least one symptom from both habits and communication for an autism medical diagnosis to be made. Hence, if an individual exhibits some of the symptoms, but does not meet the criteria for an autism disorder, they may then be diagnosed with another comparable disability such as Asperger’s syndrome or even PDD-NOS.
The following are 5 tips mothers and fathers can keep in mind when talking having a health care provider to ensure their child receives an effective evaluation:
1 . Find out everything there is certainly to known about autism – In order to talk to doctors and get the most effective evaluation of your child, you have to educate yourself about autism and understand what to ask. You should never seek an autism diagnosis if you have no idea what the condition is all about. This will make it easier for a doctor to generate a wrong medical diagnosis.
2 . Analyze your child’s behaviour : Based on the information regarding social conversation, behaviour and communication above, thoroughly analyze and make note of your child’s behaviour in a journal. Study how your child interacts with other people and present your findings towards the doctor.
3. Find a health care professional who is experienced with autism diagnosis – It is important to find someone who has had experience within autism diagnosis. You should not rely on the advice or diagnosis of a doctor who might be not specialized in this field. The best way to find a doctor is to locate a local support group and find out what doctors other parents take their autistic children to.
4. Ask questions – Asking and answering questions can be part of effective evaluation. The more information you obtain and the more detailed answers you can provide your doctor about your child’s behaviour helps assist in diagnosis.
5. Get a second opinion – If you don’t accept a doctor’s opinion or would like more assurance, don’t be afraid to question the doctor’s diagnosis or even treatment recommendations, and seek the advice of another health care provider. Doctors are human beings, and can be wrong. Consulting with other doctors is not an awful idea.